4 Connectivity Challenges In 2022 The last few years have been transformational for the telecommunications industry. 5G is gradually deployed, antennas are renewed and progress is being made in redesigning networks. All of this will continue in the new financial year, with a focus on some specific aspects. But to this is added the growth of nascent technologies , such as the metaverse. 5G connectivity in 2022 faces intrinsic challenges, from the network deployment itself and operational, related to the management and provision of resources. The goals are always the same: higher speed, lower latency, more capacity. But the formulas to reach these goals vary depending on the needs and the technological maturity of telecommunications. We review some of the key points of 5G connectivity for this year. The Impact Of Metaverses The World Economic Forum mentions in an article a key trend for the future of the Internet. It is about the fusion between the physical and the digital. These two areas are increasingly intertwined more naturally and this will be accentuated. In the industrial field , the use of virtual replicas of a factory or a warehouse is becoming common . In this way you can simulate operations, analyze the operation for improvements and prevent problems. This is just one use of metaverse technology . The combination of virtual reality and augmented reality, the so-called mixed reality, will cement platforms about which we know very little. And it is that mass adoption will only occur in the consumer market, where Meta has already positioned itself with its Horizons or Microsoft. This will not happen overnight, but trials are already scaling up and 5G connectivity in 2022 will be impacted. The demand for virtual reality, especially in terms of low latency , will require 5G or WiFi 6. In addition, sending 360-degree video in real time —for example, to watch a concert through glasses— requires of significant bandwidth. Hence, 5G connectivity in 2022 has to be prepared for the adoption of this type of technology by users. As of today, it is not possible to foresee what the adoption of these technologies will be, but the context indicates an upward trend. A GlobalData report points out that in 2022 the growth of the metaverse will be led by the video game sector and the business category. The second includes training or collaboration environments. Artificial Intelligence For 5g Connectivity Among the most fashionable technological trends in recent years is artificial intelligence. Despite the fact that these automation techniques have been used for decades, they are now experiencing a new phase of expansion. Greater access to enormous computing capacities, thanks to the cloud, is coupled with significant progress in the field of software and more and more extensive databases . All of this means that the adoption of artificial intelligence, whether in the form of machine learning or deep learning, has spread to new fields. Companies are increasingly using algorithms of this type to manage their operations, at least those that are traceable. And the technology has also entered the consumer market. Personal assistants, such as Alexa, Google Home or Aura, from Telefónica , are perhaps the most illustrative example. But there are other very widespread uses of AI, such as chatbots that we can use for an online claim or a drone that corrects or recommendation algorithms in streaming services. The digital services industry tends to base its operations more and more on artificial intelligence. And to provide these services you need the network to have scalable bandwidth . 5G meets this requirement and provides another that is also necessary to manage AI. It is about having a delocalized computing capacity to collect and process the growing volume of data fed by the algorithms. Although this, which is possible thanks to edge computing, leads us to the next challenge. The Deployment Of Edge Computing Ironically, the trend in recent years has been to move computing processes to the cloud. Because one of the key elements of 5G is in bringing certain processes closer to the place where the information is collected. It’s not quite the same as it was before. If before a company had its own server in a corner of the office, now the services are still hosted in the cloud. But some operations will not have to go through the corresponding provider’s data center. 5G connectivity in 2022 will deepen the deployment of edge computing . This formula allows the emplacement of computer systems in certain telecommunications nodes. In this way, some more pressing processes, which require minimal latency , can be resolved practically locally. In artificial intelligence workloads this technology will help more efficient data collection and faster processing. But challenges remain to be resolved in this regard . Edge computing is only getting started. And since it requires considerable infrastructure purchase and distribution, it is not easy to accelerate its deployment. In addition, network operations must be redesigned. There will be companies that opt for 5G private networks and perhaps this is where the operators can better test these technical innovations. 5g connectivity in 2022 will provide these opportunities that are still challenges for the telco sector. Open RAN In 5G deployments, the focus shifts towards Open RAN . This technology allows the use of hardware and software components from different manufacturers in the same access point. Until recently, carriers had to rely entirely on a telecom equipment provider to provide the infrastructure for an antenna. This open standard has established pathways for products from different manufacturers to understand each other. In this way it is likely to reduce the cost of deployments . 5G connectivity in 2022 has the challenge of advancing in the use of this standard pending . More work is needed on the technology and promotion of the agreements at the industry level, to implement a standard called to facilitate the expansion of 5G.